Phosphorus has many important roles:
Helps build cells, DNA, and proteins
Crucial for strong bones and teeth
Vital for energy metabolism, as the “P” of ATP – the “energy currency” of our cells
Required for muscle contractions and sending out nerve signals
As the most abundant anion (negative ion) in the body, phosphate helps maintain the acid-base balance (pH)
Blood phosphate comprises a very small part of total body phosphate, nevertheless, it gives a good estimate of phosphate levels in the body.
Phosphorus metabolism is tightly bound to that of calcium – both minerals are affected by the same hormones, usually in the opposite direction. In addition, phosphate can bind calcium in the blood, thereby reducing its levels. Our health depends on a delicate balance between these two minerals.