|Blood Test Panel|
CMP (14) | Ferritin | HgA1c | Iron & TIBC | CBC with Differential
|Blood Test Panel|
A complete blood count (CBC) gives important information about the kinds and numbers of cells in the blood, especially red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. This panel of tests looks for many illnesses, including anemia, infections, and leukemia, in your blood.
The Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) test checks your blood for 14 different substances. It checks the balance of chemicals in your body and your metabolism, which is how your body turns food into energy. CMP is used to check how well organs are working and find diseases like diabetes, liver disease, and kidney disease. The CMP may also be ordered to keep an eye on conditions like high blood pressure and to check on people who are taking medicine for any side effects that might affect the kidneys or liver.
A CMP checks your blood for the following things:
A CMP also measures four electrolytes. Electrolytes are minerals that, when dissolved in a liquid, carry an electric charge. These electrolytes in your blood control how your nerves and muscles work. They also keep your blood’s acid-base balance (pH balance) and water balance in check.
A CMP also checks for the three enzymes below in the liver. Enzymes are substances that speed up the way that some body processes work.
What does a complete metabolic panel do?
With a comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP), you can find out a lot about your health as a whole. With 14 different measurements, it can check a number of body processes and functions, such as:
Why do I need a comprehensive metabolic panel?
A comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) can be helpful in a number of situations, especially if you have signs of problems with your kidneys, liver, or metabolism. If you have a general symptom, like feeling tired, a CMP measures several important parts of your blood and can help find or rule out some causes of a common symptom.
What’s the difference between a basic metabolic panel and a full metabolic panel?
A basic metabolic panel (BMP) has eight of the 14 tests in a comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP). The liver enzyme and protein tests are not part of a BMP. Depending on your health history and needs, your doctor may have you go through a CMP or a BMP.
The ferritin test is used to evaluate an individual’s iron levels in the body. Ferritin is often paired with an iron test and also a TIBC test. Ferritin levels correlate with and are useful in evaluation of total body storage iron. From this test you will be able to identify if you are deficient or high in iron levels.
The hemoglobin A1c test tells you how much average sugar has been in your blood over the past 2 to 3 months. It is also called HbA1c, the glycated hemoglobin test, and glycohemoglobin.
This test is kind of like a baseball player’s batting average for the season. One game doesn’t tell you how well a player is doing over the course of their career, and one day’s test results don’t show you how well your body is working as a whole. But because this test is often used to find out if someone has diabetes, people with diabetes need to check this number often to make sure their levels stay in the normal range. It can tell you if you need to change your diabetes medicines or the way you control your blood sugar.
How the Test Works:
Red blood cells have a protein called hemoglobin. It’s what makes your blood red, and its job is to carry oxygen all over your body.
Glucose is the name for the sugar in your blood. When glucose builds up in your blood, it sticks to the hemoglobin in your red blood cells. The A1c test is used to find out how much glucose is bound.
Since red blood cells only live for about 3 months, the test shows how much glucose has been in your blood on average over the past 3 months.
If your glucose levels have been high for the past few weeks, your hemoglobin A1c test will be higher.
Your levels can go down with a combination of diet, exercise, getting rid of toxins, and medicine.
Every 3 months, people with diabetes should get an A1c test to make sure their blood sugar is in the right range. If you have good control of your diabetes, you may be able to go longer between blood tests, but experts say you should still check at least twice a year.
If you have a disease that affects your hemoglobin, like anemia, this test may give you misleading information. Some supplements, high cholesterol, kidney disease, and liver disease are other things that can impact the results of the hemoglobin A1c test.
Iron & TIBC is used to aid in the evaluation of a number of conditions involved with red cell production and destruction, iron transport, or iron metabolism.